Angelus Novus

Graphite, gouache, and acrylic on 36 cm x 48 cm paper. A meditation on a meditation on the futile nature of justice.


A Klee painting named Angelus Novus shows an angel looking as though he is about to move away from something he is fixedly contemplating. His eyes are staring, his mouth is open, his wings are spread. This is how one pictures the angel of history. His face is turned toward the past. Where we perceive a chain of events, he sees one single catastrophe which keeps piling wreckage upon wreckage and hurls it in front of his feet. The angel would like to stay, awaken the dead, and make whole what has been smashed. But a storm is blowing from Paradise; it has got caught in his wings with such violence that the angel can no longer close them. The storm irresistibly propels him into the future to which his back is turned, while the pile of debris before him grows skyward. This storm is what we call progress.

—Walter Benjamin’s ninth thesis of his 1940 essay “Theses on the Philosophy of History,” interpreting Paul Klee’s “Angelus Novus.”


5 thoughts on “Angelus Novus”

  1. Hi, I love the visual interpretation of Benjaklee! Or is it Kleenjaben? Do you still have it? Thank you for creating it. I love the Klee print and the essay as well.
    –from a historian, among other ventures

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